That's it, you've found your calling, you want to become a lawyer. But how to do it ? What studies to follow to pass the bar? We take stock of the path that leads to this beautiful job.
Everyone knows that to become a lawyer, you must pass the entrance examination at the bar training school. For this, several conditions are required:
- First of all, you must have at least a Master's degree in law or an IEP diploma (however, most of the candidates for the exam hold a Master 2)
- Verifiable morality criteria must also be met with his criminal record because there must be no criminal conviction for acts contrary to honor, probity and morality.
- you must be French or National of a Member State of the European Union
INSTITUTE OF JUDICIAL STUDIES (YEI)
Once these criteria are respected, you must follow a training in an Institute of Judicial Studies or IEJ that prepares for the entrance examination to the Regional Center for Professional Training of Lawyers (CRFPA). Two exceptions may dispense with passing this entrance examination: they concern holders of a Doctorate in Law and certain professions such as notaries, bailiffs or administrators under conditions.
THE ENTRANCE EXAM AT THE REGIONAL CENTER FOR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF LAWYERS (CRFPA)
The review of the CRFPA is very selective since only 35% of admissions are allowed. It includes written and oral tests. To obtain the CRFPA, one must obtain at least the average, on the other hand, one can pass this examination of entrance only three times.
After being admitted to the CRFPA , prospective lawyers undergo training at the bar school for 18 years including:
- theoretical training
- an internship in a company or a jurisdiction
- an internship with a law firm
THE CERTIFICATE OF APTITUDE OF THE PROFESSION OF LAWYER (CAPA)
This test is much less selective than that of the CRFPA – for example, there was almost 99% success in 2013. This certificate is issued at the end of a training that allows graduates to take immediate oath before the Court of Appeal and to register at the bar of their choice.
After what looks like a real obstacle course, young lawyers can finally become a collaborator in a law firm and develop their own clientele in order to create, some years later, their own firm.